There are various symptoms of bronchitis in children, ranging from coughing, fever, to shortness of breath. Although generally this condition looks mild and can heal on its own, Mother still needs to be vigilant. Because, bronchitis has the potential to cause serious complications if not treated properly.
Bronchitis is inflammation that occurs in the bronchial tubes, which are channels that connect the throat to the lungs. Bronchitis is often caused by a viral infection, but sometimes it can also be caused by a bacterial infection, irritation, or pollution, such as exposure to cigarette smoke and dust.
Children are one of the groups who are more susceptible to bronchitis because they have weak immune systems.
Recognize of Bronchitis Symptoms in Children
Symptoms of bronchitis in children can be felt for several days or weeks, then heal by itself without special treatment. Such bronchitis is called acute bronchitis.
However, bronchitis symptoms in children can sometimes persist or often recur for months or even years. This type of bronchitis is also called chronic bronchitis.
The most common symptom that appears when a child has bronchitis is cough. The cough can be either a dry cough or phlegm. In addition to coughing, children suffering from bronchitis can also experience the following symptoms:
- Hard to breathe
- Chest feels discomfort or pain
- Breathing or wheezing breath
- Lackiness and lack of appetite
- Sore throat
- Colds or nasal congestion
In addition to the above symptoms, bronchitis in children can sometimes cause children to experience more severe symptoms, for example:
- A cough that does not heal for more than 3 weeks
- Fussy and insomnia because of frequent coughing or shortness of breath
- High fever that never subsides
- Bleeding cough
- Lips and skin appear bluish
- Children appear very weak and unable to move normally
Severe symptoms of bronchitis in children are more at risk of appearing in children who have comorbidities, for example a history of congenital heart disease or asthma. However, these symptoms can also appear in children who were previously healthy. These symptoms can sometimes resemble the symptoms of COVID-19.
When experiencing bronchitis, children need to be immediately taken to the doctor so that his condition can be examined thoroughly. After the doctor confirms that the child has bronchitis, the doctor will prescribe medication, recommend physiotherapy or pulmonary rehabilitation, to oxygen therapy, if needed.
Simple Ways to Relieve Symptoms of Bronchitis in Children
When your child has bronchitis, you can do the following ways to support the recovery process:
Keep the air clean in the house
Dirty and polluted air, for example because a lot of dust or cigarette smoke, is one of the causes of bronchitis in children. Therefore, so that the bronchitis experienced by Little is not getting worse or longer recovery, Mother needs to keep the air quality in the house clean.
If necessary, you can use an air humidifier, so that the air in the room is not dry. Dry air can further aggravate bronchitis symptoms in children.
Use a mask
Causes of irritation and inflammation of the respiratory tract, such as cigarette smoke, can be anywhere and are difficult to detect. To prevent this, attach a mask to the child when Mother will invite him to play or move outside the home.
Give honey to children
Various studies show that honey, especially black honey, has been proven to relieve cough and help clear the airways. To get the benefits of honey, Mother only needs to give Little 1 teaspoon of black honey, which can be consumed directly or mixed into warm tea.
However, you need to remember that honey should not be given to babies or children who are under the age of 1 year because of the risk of causing botulism.
In addition, children who are affected by bronchitis may not want to eat and drink. However, Mother still needs to give your child enough food and drink when he is sick, so that his condition can recover quickly and he avoids dehydration. If your child can not eat well, give small meals, but more often.
In essence, the symptoms of bronchitis in children are very diverse, ranging from mild to severe. Although bronchitis in children is not always dangerous, you still need to be vigilant when your child shows symptoms of bronchitis and immediately take him to the doctor so that the right treatment can be done immediately.