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    Causes of Bronchitis in Children

    There are various factors that can cause bronchitis in children, ranging from exposure to cigarette smoke to infection. Mother and Father need to be vigilant if your child shows symptoms of bronchitis. Although it can heal on its own, in certain cases, bronchitis can cause serious complications, such as pneumonia.

    symptoms of bronchitis in children

    Bronchitis is a disease characterized by inflammation of the bronchial tubes or ducts that connect the throat to the lungs. This disease can be acute or recover in a few days or weeks, but can also be chronic or persist for months or even years.

    Bronchitis in children can cause several symptoms, such as coughing, fever, weakness, lack of food and drink, breathing sounds or wheezing, to shortness of breath.

    Bronchitis can be caused by many things. Parents need to know what causes bronchitis in children, so this condition can be avoided.

    What are the causes of bronchitis in children?

    The causes of bronchitis in each child are generally different. However, there are several things that often cause bronchitis in children, namely:

    Virus infection

    Viral infections are the most common cause of bronchitis, both in children and adults. The type of virus that often causes bronchitis in children is influenza virus, Corona virus, and RSV (respiratory syncytial virus), which often triggers ARI.

    The virus can spread through splashes of fluid that comes out when people infected with the virus cough or sneeze. Children can get the virus that causes bronchitis if breathing in air containing the spark or holding objects that have been contaminated with the virus.

    Bacterial infection

    Bronchitis in children can also be caused by bacterial infections. One type of bacteria that can cause bronchitis in children is Mycoplasma pneumoniae, which is a bacterium that also causes pneumonia.

    As with viruses, the spread of bacteria that causes bronchitis can also occur through air or contaminated objects. To overcome bronchitis caused by a bacterial infection, doctors usually prescribe antibiotics.

    Exposure to irritants

    In addition to germs, inflammation of the bronchial tubes can also occur due to exposure to irritants continuously. The irritant that causes bronchitis can come from cigarette smoke, air pollution, dust and chemical gases, such as air freshener or perfume.


    Allergies are also one of the causes of bronchitis in children. This cause tends to be more common in children who have a history of asthma. If you frequently recur and are not well controlled, allergies can also make children experience chronic bronchitis.

    Apart from the causes above, there are several factors that can make a child more at risk of suffering from bronchitis, namely:

    Under 5 years old
    Staying or living in a house with active smokers
    Have a history of allergies or asthma
    Suffered from an immune system disorder
    Have family members who suffer from bronchitis or lung disease

    Symptoms of bronchitis in children to watch out for

    Mother and Father are encouraged to immediately bring your child to the doctor if he has symptoms of bronchitis in children, especially if he has experienced symptoms of severe bronchitis, such as:

    Bleeding cough
    High fever that never subsides
    Heavy breathing or shortness of breath
    Cough that has been going on for more than 3 weeks
    Very weak because they do not want to eat and drink

    To determine the right treatment, doctors need to find out the cause of bronchitis in children and evaluate their overall health condition. This can be done through physical examination and supporting examinations, such as blood tests, X-rays, lung function tests, to sputum examination.

    After the child is confirmed to have bronchitis and the cause is known, the doctor can treat bronchitis in children by providing drugs, oxygen therapy, and pulmonary rehabilitation.

    In general, bronchitis in children due to viral infection or irritation can heal by itself in about 1-2 weeks, without special treatment.

    However, Mother and Father are still advised to see your child to the doctor, because bronchitis has the potential to develop more severe or persist for months or years. That way, your child can get proper treatment from a doctor, according to the cause.

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    Bronchitis Symptoms in Children

    There are various symptoms of bronchitis in children, ranging from coughing, fever, to shortness of breath. Although generally this condition looks mild and can heal on its own, Mother still needs to be vigilant. Because, bronchitis has the potential to cause serious complications if not treated properly.

    bronchitis symptoms child

    Bronchitis is inflammation that occurs in the bronchial tubes, which are channels that connect the throat to the lungs. Bronchitis is often caused by a viral infection, but sometimes it can also be caused by a bacterial infection, irritation, or pollution, such as exposure to cigarette smoke and dust.

    Children are one of the groups who are more susceptible to bronchitis because they have weak immune systems.

    Recognize of Bronchitis Symptoms in Children

    Symptoms of bronchitis in children can be felt for several days or weeks, then heal by itself without special treatment. Such bronchitis is called acute bronchitis.

    However, bronchitis symptoms in children can sometimes persist or often recur for months or even years. This type of bronchitis is also called chronic bronchitis.

    The most common symptom that appears when a child has bronchitis is cough. The cough can be either a dry cough or phlegm. In addition to coughing, children suffering from bronchitis can also experience the following symptoms:

    • Hard to breathe
    • Chest feels discomfort or pain
    • Breathing or wheezing breath
    • Fever
    • Lackiness and lack of appetite
    • Sneezing
    • Headache
    • Sore throat
    • Colds or nasal congestion

    In addition to the above symptoms, bronchitis in children can sometimes cause children to experience more severe symptoms, for example:

    • A cough that does not heal for more than 3 weeks
    • Fussy and insomnia because of frequent coughing or shortness of breath
    • High fever that never subsides
    • Bleeding cough
    • Lips and skin appear bluish
    • Children appear very weak and unable to move normally

    Severe symptoms of bronchitis in children are more at risk of appearing in children who have comorbidities, for example a history of congenital heart disease or asthma. However, these symptoms can also appear in children who were previously healthy. These symptoms can sometimes resemble the symptoms of COVID-19.

    When experiencing bronchitis, children need to be immediately taken to the doctor so that his condition can be examined thoroughly. After the doctor confirms that the child has bronchitis, the doctor will prescribe medication, recommend physiotherapy or pulmonary rehabilitation, to oxygen therapy, if needed.

    Simple Ways to Relieve Symptoms of Bronchitis in Children

    When your child has bronchitis, you can do the following ways to support the recovery process:

    Keep the air clean in the house

    Dirty and polluted air, for example because a lot of dust or cigarette smoke, is one of the causes of bronchitis in children. Therefore, so that the bronchitis experienced by Little is not getting worse or longer recovery, Mother needs to keep the air quality in the house clean.

    If necessary, you can use an air humidifier, so that the air in the room is not dry. Dry air can further aggravate bronchitis symptoms in children.

    Use a mask

    Causes of irritation and inflammation of the respiratory tract, such as cigarette smoke, can be anywhere and are difficult to detect. To prevent this, attach a mask to the child when Mother will invite him to play or move outside the home.

    Give honey to children

    Various studies show that honey, especially black honey, has been proven to relieve cough and help clear the airways. To get the benefits of honey, Mother only needs to give Little 1 teaspoon of black honey, which can be consumed directly or mixed into warm tea.

    However, you need to remember that honey should not be given to babies or children who are under the age of 1 year because of the risk of causing botulism.

    In addition, children who are affected by bronchitis may not want to eat and drink. However, Mother still needs to give your child enough food and drink when he is sick, so that his condition can recover quickly and he avoids dehydration. If your child can not eat well, give small meals, but more often.

    In essence, the symptoms of bronchitis in children are very diverse, ranging from mild to severe. Although bronchitis in children is not always dangerous, you still need to be vigilant when your child shows symptoms of bronchitis and immediately take him to the doctor so that the right treatment can be done immediately.

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    Would You Like to Volunteer?

    Alto San Luis de Monteverde, 700 m este de la Escuela de Alto San Luis
    Tel/fax: San Luis Office 506-380-3255; Santa Elena Office 506-645-5364;
    Monteverde Office 506-645-5277; 645-5890 email: [email protected]
    Mailing address: Apartado 36, Santa Elena de Monteverde, Puntarenas, COSTA RICA


    Positions are available for volunteer resident naturalists and interns. See below…

    VOLUNTEER RESIDENT NATURALISTS. Room and board provided for well-qualified naturalist/guides at Ecolodge San Luis & Research Station. Starting date open; positions available immediately. The period of appointment is negotiable, with a minimum of five months. Long-term renewal is encouraged. Applicants must be in excellent physical condition, and have expertise in tropical natural history, tropical birds, plants, geology, or other groups. Ability to interact well with research scientists, students, staff, ecotourists, and members of the community is essential; ability to speak Spanish is highly desirable. Intensive training provided. Exceptional research potential. University credit can be arranged.

    INTERNS. Intensive training and apprenticeship opportunities are offered for interested candidates who would like to acquire professional experience and advanced field expertise in the tropics. If you are interested in volunteering your time for a minimum of three months (renewable) and working side by side with resident naturalists, tropical ecologists, and our staff, please get in touch. Applicants must be in excellent physical condition. Ability to interact well with research scientists, students, staff, ecotourists, and members of the community is essential; ability to speak Spanish is highly desirable. University credit can be arranged. An internship fee of $450 per month is charged to cover the cost of room and board and training.

    TO APPLY for a position as Volunteer Resident Naturalist or Intern, please contact us by email at [email protected] with a letter of interest, resume, and dates available. Please also arrange to have two letters of recommendation sent to the same email address. If you wish to apply by mail, please direct your correspondence to:

    DRS. MILTON & DIANA LIEBERMAN, Ecolodge San Luis & Research Station, Apartado 36, Santa Elena de Monteverde, Puntarenas Province, COSTA RICA. Tel./fax: 011-506-645-5277, 645-5890.

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    Come to Ecolodge San Luis

    Come to Ecolodge San Luis and discover tropical nature and Costa Rican rural culture in the company of our superb team of expert resident naturalists. All our guides are active researchers, eager to share their knowledge and enthusiasm. Immerse yourself in hands-on activities, learn about tropical ecology, and experience Costa Rican life first-hand. The wide range of activities includes:

    • Guided and solo walks on our extensive trail system
    • Lectures, seminars, and slide presentations
    • Tropical farm activities, gardening, milking
    • Hands-on laboratory and field activities
    • Reforestation projects
    • Spanish language workshops
    • World-class birdwatching with expert guides
    • Tours of the medicinal garden
    • Guided night hikes
    • Coffee tours, including coffee tasting
    • Cloud forest photography
    • Volunteer research participation
    • Cooking and dance workshops
    • Community service activities
    • Volleyball with staff and neighbors
    • Fiestas with the San Luis community

    Some activities in the San Luis area have an extra fee:

    • Horseback riding
    • Treks to (and swimming under) the San Luis waterfall
    • Visits to neighboring farms
    • Homestays with local families

    Day-trips to Monteverde / Santa Elena attractions by 4WD taxi or in your own car (some charge entrance fees):

    • Skywalk canopy bridges, Skytrek zipline
    • Santa Elena or Monteverde Reserves
    • Butterfly garden
    • Hummingbird gallery
    • Monteverde cheese factory
    • CASEM women’s crafts cooperative, and more

    …Or relax with a book in a hammock, distracted only by the call of toucans…